Nigeria: Country Reforming Grain Storage Methods

  • Farmers in the country have been introduced to sophisticated non-chemical crop storage bags to preserve grains.

Killer Grains – Govt, IITA Introduce Non-chemical Storage Bags

Abuja — The incidence of cases of food poisoning due to chemical storage of grains in Nigeria would now become a thing of the past as farmers in the country have been introduced to sophisticated nonchemical crops storage bags to preserve grains.

The technology known as Purdue Improved Crop Storage, PICS, bags has put an end to occurrence of wrong application of chemicals in storage of grains, resulting in food poising like “killer beans” and other chemical related preserving method, which have caused a lot of death and harms to many people in the country.

The Purdue Improved Crop Storage, PICS, system was developed by Larry L. Murdock, professor of entomology in the Purdue College of agriculture, and scientists in Cameroon. The research was funded by a USAID program and supported by Purdue’s International Programs in Agriculture.

The crop storage system was licensed to Kano-based Lela Agro Industries Nigeria Ltd.

In order to make good use of the technology, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, IITA, has organised training for farmers, traders and other stakeholders in Abuja.

Speaking during the training, the Coordinator of Purdue Improved Crop Storage, PICS, project, Abdoulaye Tahirou, said effective use of technology like the PICS bags can allow farmers to earn more profits as they are able to sell when the market is favourable.

Tahirou added the PICS bags technology is a simple and easy to use approach that uses special airtight plastic bags to preserve grains in storage.

He explained “The essence of this training we are doing today is a gathering of agro dealers who across the country are selling the bags but we want to empower them. When people come to buy the PICS bags from them, they are not just selling them the bags but they are able to provide them with the right information on how to use these bags.

“These bags have a specific way of using them that would make them effective. You have to use them in such a situation such that air does not penetrate inside that is the technique that allows the bag to work.

“We also empower those agro dealers in terms of teaching them some simple marketing tools that they can use in order for them to sell more of these bags.”

On the specific crops the bag should be used to store, he said, “These bags originally when they were designed, they were designed for storage of cowpeas. When we started promoting them for cowpeas, we noticed that farmers were using them for other crops and they keep asking us, can it work for maize, can it work for sorghum, we didn’t have the answer.

“So we designed a second project where a research was conducted and we were able to validate through research that yes the same bags that were used to in protecting cowpeas can be used to protect maize, rice, sorghum, millet, most of the grain crops that are not full of oil can be used in these bags. In addition, a lot dry vegetables are also be stored inside these bags.

He recalled that, “The use of those chemicals especially bad chemicals that are intended for protecting crops in the field they use it for storage. And when people use chemicals to store, they don’t wait for the period that they should wait before eating it and that is what causes all those problems of killer beans and so on and so forth.

“And that is what are pushing for so that people should know that it is not magic; all you need to do is make sure you put your crops in that container and don’t allow nay air to come in and without air the insect cannot survive and if they cannot survive they will not eat your crop, it is as simple as that.

He said response from farmers using these bags is quite encouraging. In almost all the villages where we have been or where we have done the demonstration, the first thing is surprise, it is really possible to store without using any chemicals and we tell them yes it is possible but all we want from you is that you try it and when people try it, then the response is very enthusiastic.

On affordability, Tahirou said the bag is very affordable, it is cost effective. The bags are being sold in Nigeria now at different prices but I think factory rate is 450 and I don’t know what they are selling at the retail points. But I can tell you that farmers are really finding it affordable because they are buying it.

“I won’t say it is cheap but it is affordable because it is effective because if you look at the benefits it gives compared to the cost you have to pay. Some farmers find it so valuable that they don’t even sell their crops with it, they just use it to store and when they are ready to sell, they put it in another container and sell it.”

How 10,000 Metric Tonnes of Grains Will Cushion Effect of Rising Food Prices

The announcement by the federal government that it will release 10,000 metric tonnes of grains from the nation’s 26 strategic grains reserves across the country comes to many as a relief.

If released, the grains will make available food in the market thereby forcing down the prices, which go up daily in grains markets across the country.

Many Nigerians in the last few months have been grappling with the rising food prices in the country.

The scarcity of forex makes food import difficult – and the ones that come in are sold at exorbitant prices making it extremely difficult for the poor Nigerians who constitute over 60% of the population to afford.

The fall in the quantity of food import, which made the country almost a dumping ground, has given rise to the demand for locally produced grains like rice, maize (used by both poultry farmers and flour mills in the country); wheat for flour also used by bakery houses that are managing to survive in the business, and sorghum that has already substituted barley in malt making by breweries companies.

Already, some poultry farmers are complaining that the rising cost of maize and soya beans is forcing many farmers to shut down their farms.

Currently, a measure of imported rice has gone up to N500 as against the N350 sold early in 2015.

The local rice that was sold between N180 and N200 depending on the quality now goes for between N280 and N350 in many markets across the country.

By this release, poultry farmers in the country and food manufacturers will now have access to affordable inputs which will in turn reduce the prices of these food stuffs in the nation.

Although details of what types of grains to be released are not available, whatever is released at this critical time will certainly cushion the suffering of many Nigerians.

Ban Export of Nigeria’s Grains, Tambuwal Tells Govt

Against the backdrop of the concerns in some quarters over the outbreak of famine in Nigeria next year, Governor Aminu Waziri Tambuwal of Sokoto State has urged the federal government to immediately stop the export of food items to neighbouring countries, especially through the land border.

Speaking in Isa Local Government Area of the state at the flag off of the 2017 dry season wheat farming, Tambuwal also called on the federal government to come up with emergency plans to purchase excess grains from the farmers so as to boost grains reservoir in all parts of the country.

He also raised the alarm over the massive exportation of grains from Nigeria, saying it portends great dangers to Nigeria’s future food security.

“I keep wondering why we have to ban import of food, especially rice, from the land border but allow massive export of our food commodity to neighbouring countries.

“Considering our population, we must take measures that will enhance food security in our country,” the governor said. Speaking at the event, the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Mr. Godwin Emefiele, said despite challenges, Nigeria is on the verge of being self sufficient in food production.

According to him, the journey to make Nigeria self-sufficient in food production, especially rice is already being realised.

“This is where the country can feed itself and even have surplus for exports,” he added.

Emefiele commended President Muhammadu Buhari for his ongoing efforts to diversify the nation’s economy from heavy dependence on oil revenue, saying he deserves commendation for allowing the CBN to initiate the Anchor Borrowers Programme.

Emefiele commended Tambuwal for providing adequate subsidised fertilizers and other inputs for the farmers.

In their separate remarks, Kebbi State Governor, Atiku Bagudu and Sultan of Sokoto, Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar, said the Anchor Borrowers’ Scheme would transform the agricultural sector in the country.